As England made progress in dismissing his team-mates, Steve Smith remained the immovable object for Australia at The Oval.
Sarfraz Ahmed's position has been called into question but the wicketkeeper-batsman will continue to lead his country in a new era.
Australia were 55-2 at lunch in reply to England's 294 all out, with Steve Smith and Marnus Labuschagne batting.
The struggling David Warner fell for only five after Mitchell Marsh and Pat Cummins struck to bowl England out for 294 at The Oval.
Mitchell Marsh is aware that he is not very popular with many Australia cricket fans but is determined to win them over.
Jos Buttler felt it was time to "go for it" as he launched a final-session assault with England in trouble on the opening day at The Oval.
All-rounder Mitchell Marsh was delighted to make an impact on day one of his first Ashes appearance of the series at The Oval.
Jos Buttler made 64 not out, including three sixes, to see England through to 271-8 at stumps after they had crumbled to 226-8.
KL Rahul has been dropped by India for the Test series against South Africa, with Rohit Sharma to open and Shubman Gill called up.
Rory Burns and Ben Stokes fell after lunch, but Joe Root will start the final session of day one at The Oval on 57 after riding his luck.